carrom board

Carrom Board Game

Carrom Board is a popular South Asian board game. The game is just like any other cue sport game except in carrom baord there is a striker instead of a cue stick. Carrom board is played by children, families and friends. There are different rules of the game in different areas. The game originated from India. It became so popular that competitions between states were held in India. Tournaments started in Sri Lanka as well in 1935. In late 50’s India and Sri Lanka formed federations which held official tournaments of carrom board.

In 1988 India formed International Carrom Federation and published it’s formal rules. The game is very popular in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The game reached US and Europe through migrants from South Asian region. The game is now available in US and Europe. The boards and pieces are mainly imported from India.

carrom board

How Do You Play Carrom?

The purpose of the game is to pocket all your carrom men and queen. Whoever does it first wins the game. The game is played with a striker disk. The striker is pushed with a finger to strike other players. The striker is aimed to push the players into the corner pockets.

The Board & The Players

Carrom board is usually made of plywood. Although glass has also been used. The board is square shaped with each side of 29 inches. There is wood at the edges of the board. There is a small net beneath each corner pocket. The net holds the players that are pushed by the striker.

Coins

The game consists of 19 pieces in three colors. Out of these 19 pieces 18 are called coins. Nine coins are white, nine are black and queen is red. They are sometimes also called carrom men or seeds. They are designed to slide easily on the board when struck by the striker. The Striker is usually heavier than all other pieces. Just like other pocket games, carrom uses angles and rebounds to pocket pieces.

According to ICF the diameter of the carrom pieces should be 3.18 – 3.02 cm. The thickness should be 7 – 9 mm. Their weight should be around 5 grams.

Strikers

The Strikers are used to push the pieces towards the pocket of the carrom board. The weight of the striker is 3 times that of the normal piece.

Queen

The red colored piece is the Queen. It’s the most precious piece. Initially when the pieces are arranged, the queen is placed at the center. The queen is similar to other coins except the color.

How to Pocket a Queen

There are certain rules to pocket the queen. They are:

  • After the queen is pocketed, subsequently a coin of own color should be pocketed. This is done to cover the queen. Failing to which the queen is placed at the center of the board again.
  • After pocketing the queen, if the coin of the opposite color is pocketed; the queen is placed at the center of the board.
  • If last coin is pocketed before the queen, it’s a foul.
  • If the queen and coin of own color are pocketed with one striker. The queen is covered.

Easy Sliding

The sliding can be made easy with the help of a powder. The powder is basically boric acid. Spraying the powder on board makes the sliding easy. The boric acid has been classified as health hazard in Europe.

Toss

The toss is used at international level. The umpire hides coin of each color in hands. The players has to guess which hand holds which color. One who correctly guesses it, wins the toss.

Opening Break

The player who wins the toss strikes first. This is called opening break. The toss winner can change sides (color). He must then invite the opponent to open the break. The player who opens the break has to strike white colored coin. The second striker takes black. If the opening break player is unable to score points then the opponent takes turn and has the option to play any color.

Reshooting

A player can reshoot upon successful pot. This means that it is possible for a player to pot all pieces before the opponent can even start. This rule is also used in snooker. However queen must be pocketed after a coin.

Fouls

Some of the fouls in carrom board are listed below:

  • Pocketing the striker
  • If the striking hands touches the diagonal lines

If a foul is committed a pocketed coin must be returned on board. If the striker is pocketed, a penalty of 10 points is charged.

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