Ideology of Pakistan

What is Ideology?

Dictionary meanings of word ‘Ideology’ are doctrine and philosophy. An ideology can be described as a collection of principles or beliefs belonging to a group or individual. In simple words, an ideology is a set of ideas. An ideology has two dimensions which are ‘Setting Goals’ and ‘Guidelines to Achieve Goals’. There are several types of ideologies. Examples of ideology types are political, religious, cultural, social, economical and ethical. Every nation has its own ideology. We shall be discussing ‘Ideology of Pakistan’ in this article.

ideology of pakistan

Ideology of Pakistan

Pakistan’s Ideology can be described in one word which is ‘Islam’. Islam is not merely a set of beliefs but rather a complete way of life. It provides human beings with guidelines on running all sorts of worldly affairs. Pakistani Muslims do not believe in the ‘Separation of Church and State’. Islam plays the fundamental role in Pakistani government’s affairs. Pakistan came into being as a result of a peaceful political struggle. Pakistan has an overwhelming Muslim majority. Ideology of Pakistan is based on Islamic principles. Quaid-e-Azam described Pakistan as the laboratory of Islam.

Two Nation Theory

Allama Muhammad Iqbal is credited with introducing two nation theory among Indo-Pak Muslims. Muhammad Ali Jinnah later translated this theory into political reality. Jinnah stated that there were two nations (Hindus and Muslims) living in India. Though both communities had similarities, they had different religions.

Pakistan Movement

The chanting slogan of Pakistan Movement was ‘Pakistan ka matlab kya, La Ilaha Illalllah’. The slogan clearly announced the Ideology of Pakistan. Initially Jinnah was only fighting for Muslim rights in united India. He realized that Indian National Congress (INC) was not serious in protecting Muslim rights. Jinnah asserted that there Islam itself was a nationality. He was sure that Muslims could only live freely if they acquire a separate homeland. Muslims of Punjab, Sindh, Bengal and NWFP (now KPK) gave All India Muslim League (AIML) an immense majority in 1946’s general elections. Subsequently, India was divided into two independent states in August 1947.

Pakistani Constitution

In the beginning, Government of India Act 1935 was adopted as Pakistan’s interim constitution. Quaid-e-Azam famously said that Pakistan had an 1400 years old constitution. He was referring to the Holy Quran. In 1949, Pakistan’s Legislature Assembly passed Objectives Resolution. The resolution stated the Pakistani constitution would be based on Islamic ideology. Pakistan was declared as an Islamic republic. Later on, Ayub Khan’s government founded a Council of Islamic Ideology. Council makes sure that Pakistani constitution and laws are in consistent with Islamic principles. Pakistani constitution conforms with Quran and Sunnah. Ideology of Pakistan is nothing but Islam.

Pakistanis as One Nation

Pakistan has four provinces which are Sindh, Balochistan, Punjab and Kyber Pakhtunkha. The people of these provinces do not identify themselves as Sindhis, Balochis, Punjabis or Pathans. They identify themselves as Pakistani Muslims. Unfortunately, Bengal province separated from Pakistan in 1971. Some people thought that two nation theory died with Fall of Dhaka. However, majority of Pakistani people still believe in the theory. Pakistani patriotic songs and military songs teach the nation to remain united as Pakistani Muslims.

Minorities in Pakistan

It is true that Pakistan is an Islamic country. This does not mean that Non-Muslim minorities cannot practice their religions in Pakistan. Pakistani constitution guarantees religious freedom to Non-Muslims and Pakistani laws protect their rights. Pakistani flag has two colors. Green color represents Pakistani Muslims while white color signifies minorities.

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